Road and Rail transport account for 60,7 % of total goods transport in EU

Road and Rail transport account for 60,7 % of total goods transport in EU. The Gross Value Added (GVA) in the EU-28 at current prices is around € 633 billion.  According to the “Statistical Pocketbook 2016 EU Transport in Figures” the transport and storage services sector (including postal and courier activities) accounted for about 5.1 % of total GVA (Gross Value Added) in the EU-28 in 2014. It should be noted, however, that this figure only includes the GVA of companies whose main activity is the provision of transport (and transport-related) services and that own account transport operations are not included.

Employment:
In 2014, the transport and storage services sector (including postal and courier activities) in the EU-28 employed around 11 million ersons (2), some 5.1 % of the total workforce (3). Around 53 % of them worked in land transport (road, rail and pipelines), 3 % in water transport (sea and inland waterways), 4 % in air transport and 25 % in warehousing and supporting and transport activities (such as cargo handling, storage and warehousing) and the remaining 16 % in postal and courier activities.

Household expenditure:
In 2014, it is estimated that private households in the EU-28 spent € 1 001 billion or roughly 13 % of their total consumption on transport-related items. Close to 26 % of this sum (around € 265 billion) was used to purchase vehicles, more than half (€ 522 billion) was spent on the operation of personal transport equipment (e.g. to buy fuel for the car) and the rest (€ 213 billion) was spent for transport services (e.g. bus, train, plane tickets).

Goods transport:
In 2014 total goods transport activities in the EU-28 are estimated to amount to 3 524 billion tkm.

This figure includes intra-EU air and sea transport but not transport activities between the EU and the rest of the world.

  • Road transport accounted for 49 % of this total
  • Rail transport accounted for 11,7 % of this total
  • Inland waterways transport  accounted for  4.3 % of this total
  • Intra-EU maritime transport accounted for 31.8 % of this total
  • Intra-EU air transport only accounted for 0.1 % of this total
  • Oil pipelines transport  accounted for 3.2 % of this total

Passenger transport:
In 2014, total passenger transport activities in the EU-28 by any motorized means of transport are estimated to amount to 6 591 billion pkm or on average around 12 985 km per person. This figure includes intra-EU air and sea transport but not transport activities between the EU and the rest of the world. Passenger cars accounted for 72.3 % of this total, powered twowheelers for 1.9 %, buses & coaches for 8 %, railways for 6.5 % and tram and metro for 1.5 %. Intra-EU air and intra-EU maritime transport contributed for 9.2 % and 0.6 % respectively.

Notes:
(1) It is estimated that the transport share amounts of 4.5 % of total GVA if postal and courier activities are not included.

(2) Figures on number of persons employed in transport, total workforce and shares per mode based on Eurostat Labour Force Survey (age 15-64 years).

(3) 4.3 % of total employment if postal and courier activities are not included.

 

Source: Statistical Pocketbook 2016 EU Transport in Figures (download here in PDF)

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